Peach variety Ambassador of the world: botanical description and characteristics of the variety
A variety of fruit crops makes it possible to choose varieties suitable for cultivation in a particular region, in accordance with taste preferences and intended use. The rest of the article will focus on the popular variety of peaches, Ambassador of the World, its advantages, technology of cultivation and care.
Detailed description of the peach variety Ambassador of the world
A mid-early variety for universal use, which was bred by experienced breeders of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden and entered into the State Register in 2014.
The ambassador of the world can be successfully grown in regions with a cold climate, since the variety is frost-resistant. The taste qualities of fruits are rated by experts at 4.8 out of 5 possible points. Productivity of trees is high. The garden requires minimal maintenance.
Peach trees can reach 5–6 m in height, that is, trees are medium-tall, with a lush, sprawling crown of rounded shape. Leaves have a lanceolate shape, medium size. Color - green, glossy surface of the sheet plate. Flower buds are formed on all types of shoots, and the flowering process has a long period. Flowers are bell-shaped, painted pink, have 5 petals. Sort Ambassador of the world self-fertile.
Did you know? Peach orchards occupy the third place in the world in terms of planting area, following banana plantations and apple orchards, China is the leader in the cultivation of this fruit, followed by Italy.
Fruits have a very attractive appearance. The weight of round fruits, on average, is 180–220 g, and the maximum weight approaches 250 g.Peel - partially painted in yellow, and partially in carmine tones, medium density with slight pubescence. It is well removed from ripe fruits.
Pulp the fruit has a rich yellow color, juicy, has a dense structure with fibers.
Taste - pleasant, harmonious, sweet and sour, has a rating of 4.8 out of a maximum of 5 points. The fruits have a pronounced aroma.
Bone - medium-sized, ovoid, separated from the pulp of a ripe fruit with little effort.
The fruits contain:
- sugar - 12.1%;
- organic acids - 0.92%;
- Vitamin C - 9.2%.
Characteristics of the variety Ambassador of Peace
This variety is classified as mid-early, with the harvest in early August. It has a universal purpose, unpretentious care and brings a fairly rich harvest. Fruiting begins in 3-4 years of fruit tree life. Detailed characteristics of the Ambassador of Peace will be given below.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
Ambassador of the world tolerates frosty weather well, which is a significant advantage for the northern regions, with a harsh climate. Trees normally respond to spring temperature changes with sudden cold snap, flower buds are not injured. Lowering the temperature does not affect the quality of the crop.
Trees of this variety "cope" perfectly with dry periods, the minimum required watering can be done twice a year, since fruiting depends on it.
This is a self-pollinated variety., for the cultivation of which there is no need to plant pollinating trees, which is a very attractive characteristic of the Ambassador of the world.
Since flowering takes a long period, pollinating insects (bees, bumblebees) manage to pollinate most of the flowers, resulting in a plentiful harvest.
The fruits ripen in the early days of August. A six-year-old tree, as a rule, brings a crop from 80 kg / ha to 100 kg / ha (by the age of eight).Over the years, productivity is gaining momentum and can reach 242.5 c / ha from an adult, fruiting peach.The average duration of active fruiting is 10-15 years.
Fields of application
Varietal fruits are universal in application, since they can be used:
- in fresh form;
- in the form of compotes and juices;
- as raw materials for jams and preserves;
- in canned form;
- as a frozen semi-finished product;
- in dried form, in the form of dried fruits.
Disease and pest resistance
The variety was obtained as a result of painstaking selection work, due to which it is practically not susceptible to disease, or the defeat occurs in a very weak form. The ambassador of the world has good immunity to powdery mildew.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The most significant benefits of this fruit variety are:
- high productivity;
- stable fruiting;
- taste and aroma marked by high praise of experts;
- frost resistance - a characteristic that is the main criterion for the variety's popularity in various climatic regions;
- high immunity to pests and diseases characteristic of fruit trees, resistance to powdery mildew;
- good transportability, without loss of presentation.
- The disadvantages of the Peace Ambassador are:
- the fragility of branches that can break under the heavy weight of the crop, so compliance with pruning is an extremely important point in the process of caring for trees.
Rules for planting peach seedlings
The key to the proper planting of seedlings are:
- choosing the right place to create an orchard;
- preliminary processing of the site and preparation of the landing pit;
- preplant treatment of seed;
- Landing in accordance with agricultural technology.
Timing and seat selection
The sunlit area on the south or south-west side is the ideal place to grow peach trees. It may be a small hill or hilly terrain.
Trees can grow near buildings, the main thing is that the trees are not blown by a strong wind, gusty and through air currents adversely affect the life process of fruit trees.
Since peaches love to “swim” in the sunlight, it should not be blocked, so the distance between the trees in the garden should be about 3 m, in addition, tall and very thickened neighbors should be excluded.
Important! Peach shading can cause poor laying of generative buds, which will lead to a poor harvest, peeling and inexpressive taste of the fruit.
The soil on the site should be slightly acidic, moist, and the occurrence of groundwater not closer than 1-1.5 to the surface of the earth. At the landing site, it is necessary to organize a high-quality drainage system.
As for the timing of planting, it is recommended to plant seedlings during the dormant period. This is best done in the spring, in March, and in the fall - in early September. However, first of all, it is worth considering the climatic features of the region where it is planned to grow an orchard.In warmer areas, autumn planting is recommended, while in northern areas it is better to plant seedlings in spring., because they will have more time to adapt for the spring and summer periods, and they will be able to take root well before the onset of cold weather.
Preparing the site and seedlings for planting
The preparation of the site for planting is a very important stage and it begins long before the seedlings are directly planted, in about half a year, therefore, in order for the planting to succeed in the spring, they begin to prepare the pit in the fall, and for the autumn, the preparation is carried out in the spring.
The planting recess for the peach tree should have dimensions of 80 x100 cm. In this case, planting is carried out according to the scheme - 4 meters between seedlings and 5 meters - aisle.
The bottom of the pit is filled with a nutrient mixture of chernozem and humus: 11-15 kg and 250-350 g of superphosphate, thus creating an earthen hill, on which the seedling will be located in the future.When choosing seedlings, it is necessary to carefully examine their appearance:
- the root system, which should be large and have many processes, without dry and rotten roots;
- the surface of the cortex - it should not be damaged. On the inside of the bark, if a small piece is broken off, it should be green, not brown - this is a confirmation of the healthy state of the seedling;
- age of planting material. Optimally, if the tree is not more than 1.5 - 2 years;
- the vaccination site should not have a swell.
Preplant planting of seedlings consists in examining the rhizome and removing 0.5-1.5 cm of roots to healthy tissue. Each slice should produce a certain amount of juice and have a white color.
The process of planting young seedlings
Landing is carried out according to the following technology:
- A sapling is immersed in a prepared pit with an earthen hill. Its roots are carefully distributed over the surface of the hill.
- Install a peg next to the seedling. The height of such a support should be about 0.5 m above ground level.
- The planting hole is buried in such a way that the vaccination site is slightly higher than the ground level.
- The earth in the near-stem circle should be slightly compacted, creating a kind of hole with a decrease in the level of the soil in the seedling.
- After the planting is completed, the earth is rammed and irrigated in a volume of 20-30 liters of water.
- As soon as the water is absorbed, it is necessary to tie the sapling to the peg with twine, which will serve as a certain protection for the still weak plant from sudden gusts of wind.
- Then produce the mulching of the trunk circle. To do this, you can use a layer of manure with a thickness of about 8-10 cm. It is important that the fertilizer does not touch the very trunk of the seedling. It is possible to use sawdust and peat, the layer of which should be 5-10 cm.
- After a few days after planting, the tree requires another plentiful watering.
The rules for the care of peaches varieties Ambassador of the world
Having planted in accordance with the rules of agricultural technology, trees of this variety will require minor care, which will be as follows:
- in timely watering;
- crown formation;
- preparing the tree for wintering;
- treatment from pests and diseases as a preventive measure.
Prevention and protection against pests and diseases
Irrigation of the orchard in order to prevent the emergence of insect pests and the first signs of disease is a necessity, since a good quality crop depends on it.
Prevention is performed by:
- In the spring, before the appearance of the kidneys, using the drug "Chorus" or Bordeaux fluid.
- At the time of swelling of the buds on the trees, the plants are sprayed with preparations from aphids, moths, and other insects. Then I treat Bordeaux liquid from the appearance of fungal infections.
- After flowering, peach trees are treated with combined preparations for insects and diseases of fruit trees.
- In autumn, trees are sprayed with a solution of sulfur and lime, or with special fungicides.
- After leaf fall, peach is treated with a solution of urea or copper sulfate.
- curl of leaves;
- powdery mildew;
- fruit or gray rot, etc.
Important! It is not recommended to plant a peach orchard in the area where the garden was previously grown and potatoes, peppers, tomatoes, pumpkin, melon, watermelon, strawberries, alfalfa were grown - the land may be infected with verticillosis. Planting trees can be planned after 3-4 years.
To obtain an abundant harvest with good taste, trees should be abundantly watered during planting and during their fruiting. So, during the growing season, it is required to produce at least 3-4 irrigation - it can be the first weeks of each summer month.
Abundant irrigation is recommended to be made a month before eating fruits., which will increase the volume of fruits and maintain the taste of the future crop at a high level. The moisture absorbed by the tree will increase the mass of peaches.
If you irrigate immediately before harvesting, the taste of the fruit will be unsweetened and watery.
Despite the drought-resistant properties of the variety, if winter was not snowy and spring with little rainfall, trees will need heavy irrigation at the end of spring.Water the garden to such an extent that moisture can penetrate the soil to a depth of at least 60-70 cm and reach the root system of the plant. The approximate amount of watering an adult tree is from 20 to 40 liters of water.
Since peach trees are often watered and water leaches nutrients from the soil, it is recommended to fertilize and fertilize the trees to improve its fertile properties. The regularity of top dressing largely depends on the frequency of watering.
If the Ambassador of Peace variety was planted in sparse soil, fertilizing (both organic and mineral) is applied annually, while fertile soil requires the use of fertilizers once every 2-3 years.
During the period of growth and ripening of the crop, the soil under each peach is enriched based on:
- urea (30-50 g) or ammonium nitrate - 50-60 g (per bucket of water);
- superphosphate - 100-150 g;
- potassium sulfate 50–70 g or potassium chloride 30-60 g;
- ammonium sulfate - 50–80 g;
- borax - 10 g.
Feeding of young trees occurs 2–4 times during the growing season; the interval of nutrient application is 2–4 weeks, beginning in April and ending in mid-July.
In the summer, the peach tree is fertilized in a foliar way.In the fall, fertilizers are introduced into the near-stem circle, which is dug up and then enriched:
- calcium chloride - 50 g / m²;
- superphosphate - 40 g / m².
With the onset of autumn, the soil loses its nutritional properties and requires feeding, for this purpose it is advisable to use organic matter, in particular humus and compost. This procedure is done once in a few years.
Cropping and shaping the crown
The formation of a cup-shaped crown begins immediately after planting. The shoots are phased, as they grow and the tree is pruned, following a certain technology for creating a crown.
In this case, it is important to determine the skeletal branches that will perform the supporting function for an abundantly bearing tree. The purpose of the formation of the crown is to prevent depletion of the plant, as well as convenience when caring for it and comfort during harvesting.
Spring normal pruning prevents reloading by fruits, because abundantly fruiting trees may not withstand heavy weight and their branches break.
Pruning should begin at a time when the tree began sap flow, but flowering has not yet begun. The duration of this period is 15–20 days. Sanitary pruning is carried out annually after harvest in the fall.
Upon completion of the harvest, it is necessary to prepare the tree for wintering.
Although the variety is characterized as frost-resistant, it requires:
- root insulation;
- trunk wrapping in those regions where there is a significant drop in temperature;
- whitewash of the stem;
- mulching the trunk circle.
You can insulate a tree with burlap, cardboard boxes fixed in a near-barrel space with a film. However, one should not forget about the need for ventilation; for these purposes, several holes should be created in the insulation material.
Did you know? The birthplace of peach is China, where it is recognized as a symbol of good luck, longevity and protection.The fruit received its distribution throughout the world through Persia and it was called the “Persian apple”, because the name of the plant in Latin sounds like “Prunus persica”.
They spud trees with earth to a height of 55-60 cm. The lower part of the trunk is insulated with peat or humus, in addition, these organic substances are able to retain moisture in the soil. The thickness of the mulch layer should be about 10-15 cm.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting begins with the arrival of the last summer month. Depending on the region of cultivation of fruit trees, eating fruits begins in early August.
After harvesting, it is recommended to immediately eat the fruit, or use it for the preparation of convenience foods, preservation or preparation. The shelf life after collection without a refrigerator is 4–5 days.
Based on this, it is recommended to transport peaches for sale in a refrigerated state.
The cultivation of peach trees of the Ambassador of the World variety does not require much effort, since the main care consists in watering and fertilizing, which are done several times during the growing season of the tree. The variety brings a great harvest and has good taste and marketability.